Our final program of the year is a peak into the biodiversity of the Red Hills Region. This area is a prime example of the power of local conservation efforts. Gram for gram, few birds pack as much interesting biology into their feathered frames as the Brown-headed Nuthatch. These fascinating and very social birds (about the size of a Carolina Chickadee) use tools, engage in communal massages much like great apes, have helpers that assist the breeding efforts of other adults, and also excavate cavities that are used by dozens of other animals. Tall Timbers has studied Brown-headed Nuthatches for over a decade and Jim will be discussing what the lab has learned about the unique social life of this very curious bird.